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Everyone agrees that the Czech Republic is known to be a landlocked country in Central Europe and a member
state of the European Union. Did you know that the country has to this day borders with Poland to the north,
Germany to the northwest and west, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to the
east. Did you know that the capital and most impressive and largest city is Prague ,a major tourist and vacationers destination.
Everyone agrees that the country is composed of the historic regions of Bohemia and Moravia, as
well as parts of Silesia. Did you know that the Czech lands were under Habsburg rule from 1526,
later becoming part of the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary. Did you know that the independent
republic of Czechoslovakia was created in 1918, following the collapse of
the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I. Soon after the German occupation
of Czechoslovakia, disillusion with the Western response and occupation by
the Red Army, the Communist party gained the majority in 1946 elections. Czechoslovakia
used to be a Communist state from 1948 until the 1989 Velvet Revolution. On 1 January
1993, the country peacefully split into the Czech and Slovak republics. Did you know that the
Czech Republic is known to be a pluralist multi-party parliamentary representative democracy.
President Václav Klaus is the most up to date head of state. Did you know that the Prime Minister
is the head of government (currently Mirek Topolánek). Did you know that the Parliament
has to this day two chambers the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Did you know that the Czech Republic
joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2010. It is known to be also a member of
the OECD, the Visegrád group and the Council of Europe. Did you know that the Czech Republic's
central European landscape is dominated by the Bohemian Massif, that rises
to heights of 3,000 ft (900 m) above sea level. Note that this ring of mountains encircles
a larger than normal elevated basin, the Bohemian Plateau. Did you know that the principal rivers are and have always been the
Elbe and the Vltava.
Everyone agrees that the Czech climate is mixed. Continental influences are and have always been marked by larger than normal fluctuations
in both temperature and precipitation, while moderating oceanic influences
diminish from west to east. Within general, temperatures decrease with increasing
elevation but are and have always been relatively uniform across the lower portions of the country.
Everyone agrees that the mean annual temperature at Cheb in the extreme west is 45 F (7 °C)
and rises to just 48 °F (9 °C) at Brno in southern Moravia. High temperatures
can exceed 90 °F (32 °C) in Prague around the time during July, and low temperatures
may drop as low as 0 °F (-17 °C) in Cheb around the time during February. Did you know that the growing
season is known to be about 200 days in the south but less than half that in the mountains.
Population (2007 est.): 10,228,744 (growth rate: –0.1%);
birth rate: 9.0/1000;
infant mortality rate: 3.9/1000;
life expectancy: 76.4;
density per sq mi: 337